Knowing All about the Legal Partnership Agreement in India

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A partnership agreement is a type of internal business contract that specifies particular business procedures for a company’s partners. This agreement aids in laying out guidelines for how the partners will handle managerial duties, ownership and investment decisions, profit and loss, and business operations.

What is a Written Partnership Agreement?

“The relationship between (or among) people who have decided to split the earnings from a firm that is operated by all of them acting for all of them is known as a partnership.”

The Indian Partnership Act, of 1932 provides a fairly detailed definition of partnership.

The partnership agreement specifies each partner’s roles within the company, their respective ownership stakes, and their share of profits and losses. A partner’s death or how a partner can leave the company are just a few examples of probable circumstances that could impact the business. It also includes guidelines about how you’ll run the organization.

How to Write A Partnership Agreement? Step-by-Step

In order to create a partnership agreement, complete these steps:

1. State the Goals of the Partnership

Include any specific aims or objectives that will help the partners in their decision-making and contribute to the partnership’s success in your statement of the purpose of your collaboration. This section should outline the partnership’s main line of business, the type of business entity that will be created, the requirements for becoming a partner, and the anticipated number of participants.

2. List the name and place of business of the partner.

Include the full legal name, business name, and address of each partner. Note which business tasks will be carried out at

3. Record Ownership Interest and Shares of Partners

The allocation of profits and losses is specified in the general partnership agreement, which also specifies each partner’s interest, investment, and proportion. How these ownership interests may be sold or transferred, as well as how new partners may be allowed, should be covered in this section of the agreement.

4. Summary Partner Obligations and Responsibilities

Clearly state each partner’s responsibilities, expectations, and level of participation in partnership activities. The terms of each partner’s culpability for debts and obligations committed by the partnership should also be specified in the agreement.

5. Speak with an attorney

To make sure the agreement is enforceable and legally binding, get legal advice. They can also assist in drafting terms to safeguard the interests of all partners and identify any legal concerns.

Partners might feel more at ease knowing their agreement is thorough and conforms with applicable laws and regulations after seeking legal advice.

What should a partnership agreement cover?

The partnership agreement should contain the following fundamentals, just like any other contract. The company name, Information about the company’s description, and owners’ phone numbers.

Many small firms are structured as partnerships, which must first be founded formally.

The partnership agreement specifies who will own what percentage of the business, how earnings and losses will be allocated, and who will be responsible for what responsibilities.

The partnership agreement will often specify how disagreements will be resolved as well as what will happen if one of the partners passes away unexpectedly.

Types of Business Partnerships:

General partnerships (GP), limited partnerships (LP), and limited liability partnerships (LLP) are the three most prevalent types of partnerships. Limited liability limited partnerships (LLLP), the fourth type of entity, are not recognized in all states.

1. General Partnership

A general partnership is one in which the partners’ responsibility is joint and limitless. The partners have the right and obligation to participate in the management of the company, and their decisions affect both the partners and the company. The registration of the company is voluntary, and it depends on the partners’ survival in the event of their demise, insanity, insolvency, or retirement.  A partnership is a joint enterprise. The workings and management of the firm are decided by the partners. The partners may decide not to register the business, which may have an influence on any legal procedures. Registration of the firm is not required. In addition, because each partner has unlimited culpability, they are all liable for the theft committed by their fellow partners.

2. Limited Partnership

A limited partnership is one in which the liability of at least one partner is restricted while that of the other partners is unrestricted. The main characteristic of this type of partnership is perpetual succession. It signifies that the continuation of the business is unaffected by the demise, insolvency, or insanity of any partner. The amount of each partner’s business interest in the partnership is the maximum amount for which they are personally liable. Limited partners have no managerial responsibilities and cannot bind the company or other partners with their actions. A partnership of this kind must be registered. It is appropriate for businesses where the profit-sharing between the partners is not equal.

3. Limited Liability Partnership

One in which some or all partners have limited liability is known as a limited liability partnership. Only to a certain point is every owner accountable. It indicates that neither partner is liable for the theft or errors of the other. A Limited Liability Partnership can be formed with any amount of capital and any number of participants. Additionally, forming a Limited Liability Partnership costs less to register than other types of partnerships. However, unlike other types of partnerships, this one does not have stock or shareholding, and even the tax rates are greater for Limited Liability Partnerships.

4. Limited Liability Limited Partnership

LLLPs, or limited liability limited partnerships, are a more recent type of legal entity that your company may decide to use as its legal framework. Although it is a hybrid of various business structures, it is regarded as a type of LP, or limited partnership. In contrast, under an LLLP, both general partners and limited partners are protected from personal liability in the event that the company incurs debt or is sued.

Who writes a Partnership Agreement?

Typically, the business creating the partnership draughts the partnership agreement.

Always have legal counsel draught or review any business partnership agreements before signing.

A general partner shall sign the contract on behalf of the partnership if one of the parties is a partner. Limited partners shouldn’t sign any contracts because they lack the power to bind the partnership. Each partner only needs to sign once.


Before issues arise, owners sign and accept a business partnership agreement that provides a set of mutually agreed-upon guidelines and procedures. The business partnership agreement specifies how to handle any disputes or issues that may emerge.

In other words, if something goes wrong, a business partnership agreement safeguards all participants. Partners can operate on an even playing field that has been established by consensus and is supported by law by agreeing to a defined set of rules and principles at the beginning of the collaboration.

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